Cryptography for Ethical Hacking

Cryptography for ethical hacking

What Cryptography

Cryptography literally translates to “secret recording.” This is the process of securing sensitive information from being seen (or altered) by unauthorized individuals such as eavesdroppers wiretappers, etc.

While the old encryption methods have been largely hacked, however, modern cryptography is built on solid mathematical principles and has undergone rigorous analysis by experts in cryptographers. This is why encryption, when done right is a powerful security measure for the privacy of data. But even a tiny error in the design or implementation could give hackers with ethical motives the opening to open the encryption and read encrypted data. if you want to get broad knowledge in hacking encryption, fetch yourself with Ethical Hacking Course in Chennai and become a professional hacker.

Different Types of Cryptography

There are many ways that cryptographic algorithms are classified. Some of the most significant ones are symmetrical versus asymmetric and block against the stream. Understanding these distinctions can be helpful in ethical hacking because different kinds of cryptography if used improperly could be vulnerable to attacks.

Asymmetric and Symmetric

One of the primary methods to distinguish between various encryption algorithms is the use of either symmetric or asymmetric encryption keys. Asymmetric encryption algorithms use the same secret keys for encryption and decryption and an asymmetric one uses two key pairs that are a private key as well as the public key.

Symmetric encryption algorithms are generally more effective for data encryption in bulk however they do have one major drawback: both parties must possess a copy of the same secret key shared by both sides. A reliable cryptographic solution uses asymmetric cryptography to establish the channel for sharing an encryption key that is symmetric to enable large-scale encryption. If an asymmetric key is transmitted in clear text or embedded within software, it could permit a hacker with a criminal record to read and decrypt all the data that is protected.

Asymmetric encryption utilizes both a private and public key. Asymmetric cryptography (also known as public-key cryptography) the principal weakness to the method is quantum computers that could cause it to be broken quickly.

However, public-key cryptography may be a challenge for authentication. The public key of the user could be used to encode the message they send to them or to verify digital signatures generated with the private key they have associated with. This presumes that the public key that is in possession of and used by the program is the right one. If the authenticity of the public key isn’t adequately verified, replacing an ethical hacker’s public keys could enable the hacker to decrypt messages and create digital signatures that can be that are accepted from the application.

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Blocks and Streams

Another major difference between different types of cryptographic algorithms is that they can be classified as stream or block ciphers. As the name implies, block ciphers perform encryption and decryption using block-sized data of a certain size. A stream cipher, on the other hand, produces streams of pseudorandom output pieces that have been exclusive-ored (XORed) together with the plaintext’s bits to generate the encrypted text.

The primary problem in block encryption is the fact that they do not include a mechanism to encrypt data that is greater in length than one block. To remedy this block cipher methods of operation were created to establish a protocol for the encryption of plaintexts that span multiple blocks. Some of them are able to leak information about the encrypted data, which could be accessed by a shrewd hacker.

Stream ciphers were designed to secure plaintexts of any length since they encode a bit at one time. However, this type of encryption can expose the system to errors that cause bit-flips. If an application fails to verify the authenticity in the encryption hackers can switch bits and not be detected. In addition, the most well-known stream cipher (RC4) has weaknesses that could leak information about the secret key if it isn’t utilized in a proper manner.

Cryptography To Aid Ethical Hacking

The widespread use of cryptography technology is beneficial for security and privacy but it can also hinder the work of a responsible hacker. Data encryption may hide some flaws in the system if the hacker is unable to accurately analyze data while it is in use or during transit to detect the flaws.

In an exercise of ethical hacking, It is crucial to scrutinize the operation of cryptography for any flaws that could permit a hacker to breach the encryption. It’s also best to ask for access to encrypted data to be able to analyze the system for weaknesses that cannot be detected by encryption.

Conclusion:

In this blog, we cover cryptography encryption and different types of cryptography. If you are desire to become a professional ethical hacker, step into FITA Academy which offers top class Ethical Hacking Course in Coimbatore with certification.